WHAT’S YOUR DIET IQ?

 

Take this quiz to find out if your nutrition knowledge is up-to-date.  And keep your grocery list handy; you’ll be adding a few more items to your shopping list.

 

1.  For protection from osteoarthritis, go heavy on the;

 a) peanuts     b)potatoes    c) garlic

Answer: c. Individuals who consume the most foods from the onion family—including garlic, shallots, chives, and leeks—were less likely to develop osteoarthritis of the hip.  Consuming at least three cloves of garlic per week provided the strongest protective effect.  Substances found in these types of plants may block the enzymes that break down joint cartilage.

 

2.  To lower your cholesterol, you should eat:

a) dried apples          b) hard-boiled eggs              c) coconut oil.

Answer: a.   Women who consume the equivalent of 10 slices of dried apples (2.6 oz) every day can reduce their LDL by 23 % in 6 months (USDA).  As a bonus, weight loss is also a side effect.  The theory is that pectin, a soluble fiber found in apples, is largely responsible for both benefits.   Pectin binds with cholesterol in the intestine to prevent its absorption into the body, and its satiating effect makes you feel  full.

 

3.  If you want a glowing complexion, enjoy more:

a) licorice       b) milk                        c) apricots.

Answer: c. People who consume fruits and vegetables with yellow, red and orange pigments (think apricots, tomatoes, and mangoes) every day develop a healthy golden glow.  The pigments, called carotenoids, are deposited in body fat and absorbed into skin cells.  

 

4.  To better handle stress, make a habit of consuming more

a) walnuts      b)baby carrots           c) cucumbers.

Answer: a. Walnuts are loaded with omega-3 fatty acids, which seem to help the body cope under pressure.  Try adding an ounce of walnuts or a teaspoon of walnut oil to your daily diet.

 

5.  To lower your risk for depression, your best option is to munch on:

a) wheat crackers     b) air-popped popcorn drizzled with olive oil       c) celery.

 

Answer: b. Those individuals who consume the highest amount of healthy fat(polyunsaturated and monounsaturated)—such as olive oil—experienced a lower incidence of depression.  In contrast, the subjects who ate the most trans-fats were more likely to suffer from the blues.  These ‘bad’ fats are thought to interfere with neurotransmitters, upsetting the brain’s natural chemical balance.

Source: Nancy Gottesman